The research was unsuccessful, one after the other, with promising results obtained in the laboratory, but whose effect on the body was not as expected. Thus, population studies have shown that beta-carotene supplements increase the risk of lung cancer in smokers. Similarly, vitamin E and vitamin C, which appeared to be very effective antioxidants in the test tubes, proved to be useless in fact. Resveratrol, a polyphenol that is found in red wine, also gives good results in the laboratory. But the evidence remains to be demonstrated in humans. Some believe that resveratrol is 95% eliminated by digestion. As a result, a tiny portion passes into the blood.
The Global Fund’s position on cancer research for dietary supplements is one of caution. Since it is difficult to predict with certainty the share of benefits and risks associated with different supplements for the general population, it is better to seek to increase its consumption of fruits and vegetables to meet its nutritional needs, says the Global Fund.
Nevertheless, experts recognize that for some groups, taking supplements is beneficial. This is the case for women who are old enough to have a child who is prescribed a folic acid supplement1 before conception and during the first trimester of pregnancy, and people over 50 who have difficulty to absorb vitamin B12. Similarly, vitamin D is recommended for elderly people, people of Asian descent and people with limited exposure to the sun, for example during the winter months. If in doubt, it is advisable to consult a health professional.
The first source of vitamin D is above all the sun. If you expose yourself for 10 minutes a day (face and forearm), you make 10,000 units of vitamin D. By doing it several times a week, you store up reserves so you can have a good part of the fall Without supplements. However, be careful of sunburn, because you increase the risk of skin cancer.
EFSA / ECDC joint report “rings the alarm” says EU Commissioner
Data released today by the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reveal that antimicrobials used to treat communicable diseases between animals and humans – such as campylobacteriosis or salmonellosis – lose their effectiveness.
Vytenis Andriukaitis, European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety, said: “The report released today is a new warning signal. This shows that we are entering a world where it becomes difficult, if not impossible, to treat an increasing number of common infections. Yet, the ambitious national policies implemented by some countries to limit the use of antimicrobials have led to a decrease in antimicrobial resistance.
“Therefore, before the alarm bell becomes a deafening siren, it is imperative that we act together, across borders and in all areas of public health, animal health and health. environment, as part of the global approach “One World, One Health. “
View the data: Antimicrobial resistance in Europe
According to the report, which refers to the 2017 data, in some countries resistance to fluoroquinolones (such as ciprofloxacin) is so high in Campylobacter bacteria that these antimicrobials no longer work to treat severe cases of campylobacteriosis.
Most countries report that Salmonella bacteria in humans are becoming more resistant to fluoroquinolones. Multidrug resistance (resistance to three or more antimicrobials) is high in Salmonella bacteria in humans (28.3%) and in animals, particularly for S. typhimurium serotype.
As for Campylobacter, high to extremely high levels of bacteria have been shown to be resistant to ciprofloxacin and tetracyclines. However, the combined resistance to critically important antimicrobials was low to very low for Salmonella and Campylobacter in humans and animals, and for the E. coli indicator bacteria in animals.
“The time has come to reverse the antimicrobial resistance trend if we want antibiotics to continue to work,” said Mike Catchpole, chief scientist at ECDC. “We are faced with a particularly worrying situation when it comes to combined resistance: even low proportions mean that thousands of patients across the EU have limited treatment options for some serious infections. “
Marta Hugas, Chief Scientist at EFSA, said: “We have found that when Member States implement strict policies, antimicrobial resistance decreases in animals. The annual reports provided by some European and national agencies include notable examples. This should be a source of inspiration for other countries. “
The joint report, which presents data collected in 28 Member States in humans, pigs and calves less than one year old, confirms the increase in antibiotic resistance already identified in previous years.
In June 2017, the European Commission adopted the EU’s “One World, One Health” Action Plan against Antimicrobial Resistance, calling for effective action against this threat and recognizing the need to address it at the level of human health, animal health and the environment. Prudent use of antimicrobials is crucial to limit the emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in humans and animals.
As a specialist in internal medicine, he received his doctorate in the field of cardiology and also trained in the areas of emergency medical services and naturopathic treatment. His areas of expertise include i.a. Homeopathy, Physical Medicine and Balneology, Nutritional Medicine, Acupuncture and Mind-Body Medicine
He worked for three years scientifically at the Institute of Health Economics and Clinical Epidemiology of the University of Cologne, as well as for the international health economics of BASF Pharma. His work focused on adiposity and cardiovascular diseases, as well as their prevention. The main focus of his research was the influence of diet, exercise and other patterns of behavior on health. He already passed this knowledge in 1999 as a lecturer in lectures to the students.
She graduated with a Master of Medicine degree in Traditional Chinese Medicine from Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medical University and a Ph.D. in Medicine from Shandong University with a PhD in Doctor of Medicine. , At first hand, you learned that the unity of yin and yang on the human organism is dependent on the meridian system and the organs, as well as pathogenic and emotional factors.